Before the Bathroom

Before the Bathroom

For nearly as long as people have existed, they have been sharing, bartering, selling, and consuming resources. To trace the complete history of commerce back to its inception, we must travel to a time when wooly mammoths still walked the Earth. People exchanged cows and sheep in trade as far back as BC. The first proper currency extends as far back as BC in Mesopotamia. The first retail stores take up the mantle a bit further down the line. By BC in ancient Greece, people had developed markets with merchants selling their wares in the Agora in the city center. These ruins are of an ancient Greek agora. People would come there not only to shop but to socialize and participate in government.

How Progresso got its start

Colgate Ingredient Information. History of Toothbrushes Toothbrushing tools date back to BC when the Babylonians and the Egyptians made a brush by fraying the end of a twig. Tombs of the ancient Egyptians have been found containing toothsticks alongside their owners. Around BC, the Chinese developed “chewing sticks” which were made from aromatic tree twigs to freshen breath.

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Despite the growth of industry, urban centers and immigration, America in the late 19th century was still predominantly rural. Seven out of ten people in the United States lived in small towns with populations under or on farms in In Indiana, the census reported a population of almost 2 million residents, about 55 per square mile, 1,, men and , women.

About three out of four people lived in rural areas. The “Cult of Domesticity, ” first named and identified in the early part of the century, was solidly entrenched by late nineteenth century, especially in rural environments. The Victorian home was to be a haven of comfort and quiet, sheltered from the harsh realities of the working world. Housework took on a scientific quality, efficiency being the watchword. Children were to be cherished and nurtured. Morality was protected through the promulgation of Protestant beliefs and social protest against alcohol, poverty and the decay of urban living.

Pulling against these traditions was the sense of urgency, movement and progress so evident in the geographical, industrial, technological and political changes affecting the country.

The People’s History

Some inventions come about before their time and seem to disappear into the vacuum of history overnight, never to be seen again for ages. Like solar cells, which were first invented in by Charles Fritts , but never gained mass popularity until over a century later. What started in the s might be the computers that we know today, but they were built off an existing foundation; built upon the shoulders of the engineers that went before them.

Although much of the study done on woman’s roles during this period looks at the The roots of the movement for women’s literacy can be traced to the end of the in the early decades of the 19th century, girls were included along with boys. clothing remained a product of the home and independent seamstresses until.

The Seaport district at the lower end of Manhattan Island dates back to the s and, over a period of years, grew into one of the City’s most vital commercial centers, serving as the international gateway to New York. In , the Dutch colony of New Netherland was founded, with the town of New Amsterdam on the lower tip of Manhattan established as its key settlement.

The Manhattans, Indians of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock, did not understand European customs of property and it was not long before they came into armed conflict with the rapidly expanding Dutch settlement at New Amsterdam. Beginning in , a protracted war was fought between the colonists and the Manhattans, ending five years later with the tribe practically exterminated. With the departure of the Dutch, the name of the promising settlement was changed to New York, in honor of the duke of York.

David H. Burr is of one of the first and most important truly American cartographers and map publishers. Burr was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut in August of In Burr moved to Kingsboro, New York to study law. A year and a half later he was admitted to the New York Bar association. Burr was able to negotiate with the governor of New York at the time, De Witt Clinton, to obtain copies of other New York survey work in order to compile a map and Atlas of the state of New York.

Recognizing the need for quality survey work of its territory, the government of New York heartily endorsed and financed Burr’s efforts.

Palm oil history

The Thistle. Volume 13, Number 2: Sept. Hemp has been one of the most significant crops for mankind up until this last century. Hemp was probably the earliest plant cultivated for textile fiber. Archaeologists found a remnant of hemp cloth in ancient Mesopotamia currently Iran and Iraq which dates back to 8, BC.

He serves the 4th longest term: 11 years. Back to Top. July Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on this date (Jefferson dies first).

Dury’s Gun Shop is a family-owned business that dates back to the late s and has a well-earned reputation of providing expert gunsmith services and customer satisfaction. Four generations of the Dury family have built the operation from a tiny gunsmith shop working out of a cramped garage to the current 5, square-foot facility that employs a staff of 35 professionals with an inventory of more than 1, firearms.

Our gunsmith shop has accumulated more than years of experience dealing with all varieties of firearms. David has been working as a gunsmith since , learning the trade from his father, John Dury, who was a highly skilled gunsmith working for his father, who worked for his father, who started the Dury gunsmith legacy. Developing and honing his skills by putting in nine hours a day of hands-on work for nearly 10 years under the watchful eyes of a master gunsmith was an ideal training ground.

In addition to managing the shop and assisting in other gunsmith work, David has earned a well-deserved reputation as a custom builder of high-quality, extremely accurate rifles. Another of our veteran gunsmiths, Larry Wengler, has recently rejoined our staff bringing with him nearly 50 years of experience working with firearms. During his extensive career in repairing, modifying and upgrading more firearms than can easily be counted, Larry has encountered and corrected about any firearm problem that can be imagined.

The good thing about experience is that when anything comes into the shop, we know what it should do and what it should look like. The third veteran working at our shop with 38 years of experience under his belt is Mike Whalen. In addition, he spent several years improving his skills working with veteran gunsmith Jay Moore in the Rio Grande Valley. Whalen specializes in working on military-style firearms made before and during World War II and has extensive experience in restoring and repairing antiques.

Stolen Documents Dating Back To Late 1800s Return To San Francisco Church

What was the first product it produced for calming an upset stomach? For starters, the standard diet was pretty heavy on meats, starches and sweets—all of which can be heavy on the stomach. Plus, the Industrial Revolution brought about immense change, which led to a lot of stress So they set about experimenting with remedies for people’s stomach woes.

If you have been following the recent issues of the Thistle, you know by now that in in ancient Mesopotamia (currently Iran and Iraq) which dates back to 8, BC. Edward Allen Talbot, Esq., while living in the Canadas during the s.

This sweet treat eventually popularized and became a common wedding cake throughout Romania. Can you believe that years ago when people were getting married this was their In , the owner and founder of Dracula Chimney Cakes, Gabriel Toma, and his wife arrived in the United States for a better opportunity. Hoping to achieve the American Dream, Toma landed a job in corporate America but soon left to find his real passion in the cooking industry. You have a lot more work, but you have a little more money.

With a background in hospitality and service, Toma experimented with the chimney cake recipe and provided samples to his neighbors, observing their body language to see if this product was ready to be introduced to the public. It’s crazy good!

Ever had a chimney cake? This delicious Houston area treat dates back to the late 1700s

The Liberto Family has been in business for more than years! The great-great-grandchildren are now hard at work creating new variations of Americas and the worlds, favorite snack foods… including nachos, tortilla chips and flavored popcorn! These mouthwatering products are sold in the U. Ricos Products Co. Nachos were first served at Arlington Stadium.

Frank started Ricos Products Co.

reclaimed wall cladding is milled from barns dating back to the late ‘s through early See each product line below for complete details on color & specs.

The historical evolution of infant feeding includes wet nursing, the feeding bottle, and formula use. Before the invention of bottles and formula, wet nursing was the safest and most common alternative to the natural mother’s breastmilk. Society’s negative view of wet nursing, combined with improvements of the feeding bottle, the availability of animal’s milk, and advances in formula development, gradually led to the substitution of artificial feeding for wet nursing.

In addition, the advertising and safety of formula products increased their popularity and use among society. Currently, infant formula-feeding is widely practiced in the United States and appears to contribute to the development of several common childhood illnesses, including atopy, diabetes mellitus, and childhood obesity. The historical evolution of feeding practices for a full-term infant immediately after birth includes wet nursing, the feeding bottle, and formula use.

The purpose of this article is to explore each component and their combined impact on current infant-feeding trends and child health. We provide a review of wet nursing, the feeding bottle, and the use of formula from Ancient Roman times to the extinction or peak of the practice, as well as discussion of infant-feeding trends indicating the rise of bottle feeding and the rapid decline of breastfeeding.

The literature on key issues pertaining to child health and the development of common health problems among breastfed versus formula-fed infants is briefly reviewed. Wet nursing began as early as BC and extended until the 20th century.

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